Projects (Selected)


WIRELESS POWER TRANSFER

Multimode Quasistatic Cavity Resonators

Wireless power transfer (WPT) using quasistatic cavity resonators (QSCR) proposed a route towards truly ubiquitous WPT, which allows devices to be safely charged as they enter a WPT enabled space. However, there are still several drawbacks to this approach such as the need for a conductive pole in the middle of the cavity and the non-uniform magnetic field intensity. To address these issues, this study proposes multimode QSCR, which enables pole-less operation and control of magnetic field distribution.

準静空洞共振器を用いた無線電力伝送は、部屋内のあらゆる機器へ安全に電力が供給される、真のユビキタス無線電力伝送を実現する道筋を示した。しかし準静空洞共振器は部屋の中央に導体棒を要することや、空間内の磁界強度分布に偏りがあることなどの課題が存在する。そこで本研究では、複数のモードを有する共振器構造を提案し、導体棒なしでの駆動や、磁界強度分布の操作が可能となることを示した。


(a) and (b) show the current of the two resonant modes of the multimode-QSCR. (c) shows the "efficiency vs position" plot in single mode operation (conventional method), whereas (d) shows the "efficiency vs position" plot in dual mode operation (proposed method).

PUBLICATIONS
  1. T. Sasatani, M. J. Chabalko, Y. Kawahara, and A. P. Sample, “Multimode Quasistatic Cavity Resonators for Wireless Power Transfer,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 16, pp. 2746-2749, 2017. [PDF]




Dynamic Complex Impedance Conversion Using Multiple-Input DC/DC Converters

The performance of a wireless power transfer (WPT) system is highly dependent on the complex impedance of the receiver (RX). Therefore, dynamic complex impedance tuning methods are critical pieces for gaining sufficient control over WPT systems. However, prior methods cannot achieve the following three requirements simultaneously: high-frequency (i.e., MHz, GHz) operation, continuous complex impedance tuning, and few additional components. To overcome these challenges, we present a dynamic complex impedance tuning method based on multiple-input DC/DC converters and LC filters. The active operations used in our method are closed in the low-frequency (i.e., after-rectification) region of the circuit; it has the promise of achieving the three above-mentioned requirements.


(a) shows the circuit topology of the proposed impedance conversion mechanism. (b) and (c) are the converted impedance plotted on a complex plane ((b) conventional method, (c) proposed method). It can be seen that the proposed method can convert the impedance freely on a "plane" within complex plane, whereas the conventional method can only move within a single "line".

PUBLICATIONS
  1. T. Sasatani, Y. Narusue, and Y. Kawahara, “Dynamic Complex Impedance Tuning Method Using a Multiple-Input DC/DC Converter for Wireless Power Transfer,” Proceedings of IEEE Wireless Power Transfer Conference (WPTC) 2018, To Appear.
  2. 笹谷拓也,成末義哲,川原圭博,“無線電力伝送のための DC/DC コンバータを用いた複素インピーダンス変換手法についての一検討,” 電子情報通信学会 総合大会,B-21-2,March 2018.




Genetic Algorithm-Based Design of Receiving Resonator Arrays

Resonator design methods play an important role in realizing efficient wireless power transfer via magnetic resonant coupling (WPT-MRC) systems. In WPT-MRC systems, transmitting (Tx) resonator arrays are often used to extend the range of the power supply. However, it is difficult to design a receiving (Rx) resonator that prevents significant drops in transfer efficiency across the Tx resonator array owing to the complexity that stems from fluctuating coupling coefficients. In order to resolve this difficulty, this paper proposes a genetic algorithm-based Rx resonator array design method. Using the proposed design method, the computed minimum transfer efficiency of a power supply system using a Tx resonator array increased from 3.8% to 42.6%, and the computed results were verified by simulations and measurements.

磁界共振結合型無線電力伝送において,給電が可能な領域の拡大や給電効率の向上等,様々な特性を得るために,送受電共振器のアレイ化を含めた形状の提案が行われてきた.しかし,これらの提案は設計者の直感や解析的手法によるものが多く,共振器同士の位置関係が可変である場合など,より複雑な状況に対しては適用が困難であると考えられる.給電用の共振器の設計と同様に電磁界を扱う問題であるアンテナの設計においては,このような複雑な問題に対して,遺伝的アルゴリズム等の進化的アルゴリズムを用いた最適化手法の有効性が示されてきた.
送電共振器アレイを用いた給電システムにおいて単独の受電共振器を用いると,送電共振器アレイの境界上などに送受電共振器間の結合が弱まり,給電効率が著しく低下する位置が存在すると考えられる.スマートフォンなどの携帯型電子機器への給電を想定した場合,このような位置の存在は機器が持つ利便性を大きく損ねてしまう.そこで本研究では,送電共振器アレイを用いた給電システムにおける,最も効率が悪化する位置での給電効率の向上,すなわち最低給電効率の向上という目的に対して,遺伝的アルゴリズムを用いた受電共振器アレイの設計を行った.そして提案手法により設計された受電共振器アレイを用いることで,最低給電効率が3.8%から42.6%に向上することを示し,実験により結果を検証した.


(a) An receiver resonator array designed by the proposed method. (b) The transmitter array to mobile device wireless power system premised in the study. (c) The circuit model used in our proposed method.

PUBLICATIONS
  1. T. Sasatani, Y. Narusue, Y. Kawahara, and T. Asami, “Genetic Algorithm-Based Design of Receiving Resonator Arrays for Wireless Power Transfer via Magnetic Resonant Coupling,” Proceedings of IEEE Wireless Power Transfer Conference (WPTC) 2016, pp. 1-4, Aveiro, Portugal, May 2016.
  2. 笹谷拓也,成末義哲,川原圭博,浅見徹,”磁界共振結合型無線電力伝送における遺伝的アルゴリズムを用いた受電共振器アレイの設計,” 電子情報通信学会 総合大会,B-21-22,March 2016.
  3. 笹谷拓也,成末義哲,川原圭博,浅見徹,”送電共振器アレイを用いた無線電力伝送における給電効率向上のための受電共振器アレイ形状の検討,” 電子情報通信学会 ソサイエティ大会,B-21-6,Sept. 2015.





DC-Based Impedance Tuning Method Using Magnetic Saturation

Under Construction.

PUBLICATIONS
  1. T. Sasatani, Y. Narusue, Y. Kawahara, and T. Asami, “DC-Based Impedance Tuning Method Using Magnetic Saturation for Wireless Power Transfer,” Proceedings of IEEE Wireless Power Transfer Conference (WPTC) 2017, pp. 1-4, Taipei, Taiwan, May 2017.





Indoor Wireless Power Transfer

Under Construction

PUBLICATIONS
  1. Y. Narusue, A. Hashizume, T. Sasatani, X. Shi, Y. Mizutani, Y. Kawahara, and T. Asami, “Indoor Wireless Power Transfer,” TECO Green Tech Contest 2016, Taipei, Taiwan, Aug. 2016.
  2. 角谷和宣,西澤勇輝,笹谷拓也,橋詰新,成末義哲,川原圭博,“二次元共振器アレイを用いた給電領域を自由に変更可能な無線給電システムの構成,” 電子情報通信学会 総合大会,B-18-15,March 2018.




WIRELESS SENSORS

Passive and Contactless Epidermal Pressure Sensor Printed with Silver Nano-particle Ink

In this project, we propose a passive and contactless epidermal pressure sensor patch printed on a paper substrate with silver nano-particle ink. This disposable patch can be used to measure the pressure between the clothes and the human body. Different from the conventional pressure sensors, the pressure can be measured wirelessly without disturbing the motion of the users. The sensor circuit pattern is printed by a conductive inkjet printer and the sensor’s pressure value is detected by a reader coil through the change of the capacitance of an LC resonant circuit. We propose a sensor design method that minimizes the effect of the human body. We demonstrate our sensor patch by measuring the pressure exerted by compression garments whose pressure distribution is important for the wearer’s health.

衣服や靴などの適切なフィット感の提示や筋肉疲労の軽減の効果があるとされるcompression garmentsの研究用途を目的とし,衣服を着た時に体表面に加わる圧力である着圧を,無電源・非接触で服の上から読み取ることのできる圧力センサの提案・設計・実装を行った.センサは導電性インクを用いて印刷により形成され,共振回路のキャパシタンス成分の変化として圧力の変化を非接触コイルで読み取る.人体に貼り付けても圧力計測を行えるセンサ設計手法を提案し,衣服において最も着圧が重要となるcompression garmentsの着圧を計測することで実用性を確認した.


(a) The implemented printed pressure sensor. (b) Measurement of the pressure of compression garments using our proposed sensor. (c) Resonant frequency shift induced by the change in pressure.

PUBLICATIONS
    1. T. Hashizume, T. Sasatani, K. Narumi, Y. Narusue, Y. Kawahara, and T. Asami, “Passive and Contactless Epidermal Pressure Sensor Printed with Silver Nano-particle Ink,” Proceedings of ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing (UbiComp) 2016, pp. 190-195, Heidelberg, Germany, Sept. 2016.
    2. 橋爪崇弘,笹谷拓也,成末義哲,川原圭博,浅見徹,”銀ナノインクを用いた非接触読み取り可能なパッシブ型静電容量式圧力センサと着圧測定への応用,” マルチメディア,分散,協調とモバイル (DICOMO2017) シンポジウム,4G-1,pp.840-845, July 2016.
    3. 橋爪崇弘,笹谷拓也,成末義哲,川原圭博,浅見徹,”銀ナノインクを用いたパッシブ型圧力センサの人体貼付用途における設計手法,” 電子情報通信学会 総合大会,B-18-17,March 2016.